The medical term for gum disease is periodontal disease. It is a bacterial inflammation that affects an estimated 47 percent of people over 30. The cause of periodontal disease is hardened tartar and it can be accelerated by some medical conditions or tobacco use. There is no pain in the early stages of periodontal disease, and because of this a lot of people are unaware they have gum disease until it worsens.
The earliest stages of gum disease shows symptoms of the person having chronic bad breath in addition to red or inflamed gums which bleed easily when brushing or flossing. This stage is known as gingivitis, and it can be reversed if a person starts to clean their teeth on a daily basis as well as seeking dental cleanings twice a year.
If ignored, the infection and inflammation will spread down into the gum tissue, causing you to develop periodontitis. Periodontitis will cause the gum line to pull away from your teeth. The openings created between the gums and the teeth can be perfect spots for other bacteria to form. Periodontitis can also cause you to loose teeth and bone structure.
The systemic inflammation of peritonitis takes its toll on the immune system, and research has indicated this toll can lead to other medical problems such as diabetes, cancer, heart disease, and rheumatoid arthritis.
If you think you may have periodontal disease, please make an appointment with us at Alluring Smiles in Gaithersburg, Maryland today. Call us at 301-637-6155. Dr. Lucy Gilbart & Roli Malla Joshi and their expert staff her here to help.